Tetralogy of Fallot:
It is a group of four diseased conditions in the heart, which is a congenital abnormality. It is characterized by the following: a large ventricular septal defect (VSD), pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy and an overriding aorta.As a solution of blocked and narrowed vessel and compromised blood flow to heart due to it ,a graft is obtained from other part of the body and is attached above and below the blockade so as to divert the blood flow.
Pediatric Cardiac Surgeries:
We have unique expertise in surgical management of paediatric cardiac diseases and/or congenital cardiac diseases with full time availability of paediatric cardiologists, paediatric cardiac surgeon and latest diagnostics technologies including fetal echo.
MAH cardiothoracic surgeons treat diseases on ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta including thoracoabdominal repairs, thoracic and abdominal aorta endovascular stent graft procedures which are all performed by a multidisciplinary surgical team.
For ascending thoracic and abdominal aorta aneurysms, a minimally invasive endovascular approach is becoming the preferred method, decreasing morbidity and mortality in these
patients when performed by a skilled team. We use the endovascular approach for thoracic aorta aneurysm surgery.
MAZE Procedure for Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation:
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is an abnormal heart rhythm where the upper chambers of the heart contract in an uncoordinated fashion and start rapid and irregular beating. AF is dangerous because it may cause blood to pool in these chambers. The pooled blood can lead to clumps of blood called blood clots. A stroke can occur if a blood clot travels from the heart and blocks a small artery in the brain.
Maze surgery cures AF by creating a “maze” of new electrical pathways to let electrical impulses travel easily through the heart. Our team recommend Maze surgery if AF cannot be treated with medicines or other treatments. During the procedure, a number of incisions are made on the left and right atrium to form scar tissue, which does not conduct electricity and disrupts the path of abnormal electrical impulses. The scar tissue also prevents erratic electrical signals from recurring. After the incisions are made, the atrium is sewn together to allow it to hold blood and contract to push blood into the ventricle.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy surgery – septal myectomy:
Septal myectomy is the gold-standard therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). The surgery entails removing a portion of the septum that is obstructing the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. Septal myectomies have been successfully performed for more than 25 years. The alternatives to septal myectomies are treatment with medication (usually beta or calcium blockers) or non-surgical removal of tissue with alcohol ablation. Ordinarily, septal myectomies are performed only after attempts at treatment with medication fail.
Heart failure surgery
Implantable left ventricular assist device (LVAD):
An LVAD is a kind of artificial heart pump. It is used to treat people with severe heart failure and is sometimes given to people on the waiting list for a heart transplant. Normally, the left ventricle, one of the heart’s four chambers, pumps blood into the aorta (the large artery leaving the heart) and around the body. In the event that someone has severe heart failure, the heart is too weak to pump enough blood around the body. Some patients being considered for a heart transplant may need to have an LVAD implanted if they are unlikely to survive until a suitable donor heart becomes available. The device helps the failing heart and aims to restore normal blood flow.
Left Ventricular Reconstruction:
After a heart attack in the left lower chamber of the heart (left ventricle), scar tissue will form in the left chamber. As the time passes this scar tissue can weaken and thin out to become an aneurysm–an abnormal bulge of tissue. This aneurysm–in conjunction with other heart problems–can cause the heart to enlarge, reducing its ability to pump blood effectively, resulting in heart failure.